Great Plains

Oklahoma lies within North America’s Great Plains, a vast area that stretches from the western Great Lakes to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada through Texas to the Rio Grande. Edmond lies in a sub region called the “Osage Plains.” This is the point where plains and prairies meet, tallgrass prairies transition into savannah, woodlands and mixed grasses. These heartland prairies comprised of native tallgrasses had deep root systems, able to survive the cold winters and hot summers of Oklahoma’s extreme climate.

While the western half of Edmond is characterized by a flatter prairie with open fields and a mixture of short to tallgrass, the eastern portion of Edmond is located in an ecological region of woodland and forest vegetation called the “Cross Timbers.” Interwoven mosaics of forests, woodlands and prairie distinguish this region.

The Oklahoma plains have a rich, cultural history. At the time of the Paleo-Indian occupation around 25,000 B.C.E., foragers, farmers and early bison hunters were using the resources found in the plains environment. Long before the first European settlers, American Indians were living in the territory. The Kaw, Omaha, Quapaw, Kiowa, Comanche, Apache and Osage among others all used the resources of the Osage Plains. For the Plains Tribes, settlement was defined by the natural movement of animal herds, changing weather patterns and the location of water sources.

Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History & Culture

Crowder, Dr. James L., Historic Edmond: An Illustrated History, Lammert, 2000.

Nina W. Hager, 2011.

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